Simple rose care advice and information to help you grow roses.
Where to plant roses
1. Ensure plenty of sunlight
Roses thrive on direct sunlight. For best results, a minimum of four hours of direct sunlight is recommended. However, even when planted against a north wall (meaning no direct sunlight) roses can still perform well. To see a list of roses suitable for shaded areas click here.
2. Avoid intense competition from other plants
The closer you plant your rose to other plants, the more competition there is for moisture and sunlight. For best results, plant your rose 3 feet (1m) away from other plants and 2 feet (60cm) from other roses. Avoid planting a rose under an overhanging tree branch.
3. Avoid very exposed, windy sites
Strong winds can cause the base of the rose to loosen in the soil. This will result in your rose rocking in the wind which will lead to it growing at an angle, which in extreme cases will kill it. To prevent this, ensure you follow our planting instructions. If you find this problem with a rose you already have, make sure you firm the soil around it. In some cases a stake may be necessary.
Roses are extremely versatile and hardy plants that can be planted in a variety of positions and locations in the garden (for ideas and inspiration click here). When selecting a planting location, we recommend you consider the following points to ensure the rose thrives:
What You Need
The best way to water is with a watering can, so that you can see how much water you are using. If you have a lot of roses, then a hose with a rose attachment is more practical.
How to Water
- It is best to water as close to base of the rose as you can. If the water is starting to flow away from the base, stop for a moment to allow the water to soak in, then continue.
- Don’t water over the flowers or foliage. Watering foliage can encourage disease problems, particularly if it remains on the leaves overnight.
- We recommend a softer spray rather than a fierce deluge from a jet spray or pressure hose. If using a hose, try to get a fitting that has a rose setting. If you haven’t got a special fitting, make sure the pressure is not too high on your hose.
Roses or situations that require extra attention:
- Newly planted roses.
- Climbing Roses planted against walls due to the dry nature of the soil in that location.
- Roses planted in sandy soil.
- Roses planted in a pot or container.
For advice on pruning roses choose from the advice below
We recommend mulching as it helps to retain moisture and to suppress weeds.
When to mulch?
You can do this at any time of year. For the best results, mulch in early spring from March onwards.
What you need?
For the best results, we recommend small bark chippings.
How to mulch
Firstly, remove all of the weeds in your rose border. Secondly, apply about an inch (3cm) thick layer of bark around the base of the rose and any bare soil next to your rose. The more you apply the better the moisture retention and weed suppressant. If you are mulching when the soil is dry, water well either before or after mulching.
Spraying roses to control disease
When to spray?
We recommend you spray at the first sign of disease. It is best to act quickly to prevent disease spreading.
What you need?
Fungus Clear Ultra is effective against black spot, powdery mildew and rust. Systhane is effective against rust. This can be purchased at your local garden centre.
How to spray to control disease
See packaging for instructions.
There are two good reasons to dead head: 1. To encourage repeat-flowering – this stops your rose producing seeds in the hips, which are formed after flowering, so that it has more energy for repeat-flowering. 2. Shaping – it is an opportunity to shape your shrub.
When to deadhead?
This should be done as soon after each flowering as possible up to late September. After September it is unlikely that you will get much more growth or flowering, as your plant will be getting ready for winter.
How to deadhead
Each flowering stem can be cut back as far as three sets of leaves. The amount you cut back controls, to some extent, the shape and size of your plant. If you are unsure, cut back to the point where the flowers stop being produced on the stem.